by Donald J. DeGracia
A Short Guide About Hallucinogenic Drugs For the Explorers of Inner Space
IntroductionThere are a variety of tools available to anyone interested in exploring altered states of consciousness. Such tools include meditation, out-of-body experiences, brain and biofeedback instruments, occult type rituals, visualization exercises, and also in this category are hallucinogenic drugs. Each of these tools provides a different doorway into the inner spaces of our subjectivity and consciousness. In this article, I would like to provide a brief overview of hallucinogenic drugs as one means among many for achieving altered states of consciousness. It is not my intention here to debate whether it is right or not to use hallucinogenic drugs, whatever is ones motive, though I will discuss the variety of opinions that exist in this regard. My purpose here is twofold: 1. to give a broad overview of hallucinogenic drugs in general, and 2. to show how hallucinogenics can provide, if used reasonably and responsibly, a valuable and substantial tool for exploring inner spaces.
History Of Hallucinogenic SubstancesThe history of mankind's involvement with hallucinogens seems to go back thousands of years. Some modern scholars speculate that the soma of the ancient Hindus was indeed a hallucinogenic substance that was used for purposes of religious ritual and ecstasy. The use of opiates in China and the Far East is well documented. The religious uses of hallucinogenic mushrooms by Native Americans is also a well documented fact, as well as being a point of controversy in modern legislation.
However, the modern West only really became involved with hallucinogenic drugs after World War II. It was in 1948 that LSD was first produced from rye mold by Albert Hoffman, who was at the time looking for antibiotic substances in fungi. Also around this time, mescaline was identified as the active agent in certain hallucinogenic plants. Within a few years after being recognized, these substances began to cause severe polarization in opinions about their use and benefit.
On one hand, there were in the 1950s and early 1960s, small groups of avant garde intellectuals who began to associate religious and mystical qualities with the effects of these drugs on human perception. Perhaps best known in this regard was Aldous Huxley's "The Doors of Perception", which highlighted Huxley's personal experiences on mescaline. Also in this vein was Alan Watts' "The Joyous Cosmology" which also extolled the philosophical and mystical virtues of the hallucinogenic experience.
On the other hand, during this same period, hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD and mescaline were seen by the medical and psychiatric fields as being agents that seemed to simulate psychosis. Initially, the term "hallucinogenic" did not even exist. In the 1950s and 1960s these drugs were generally called "psychomimetics", meaning that their effects mimicked symptoms displayed by psychotics and paranoids. Perhaps the crowning tribute to this view of LSD was the book "One Flew Over The Cuckoos Nest" by Ken Kesey, which reflected Kesey's experiences as a volunteer in medical experiments on the effects of LSD. Incidentally, Kesey, in the late 1960s went on to be one of the leaders of the West coast psychedelic movement with his "Band of Merry Pranksters" (as described in the book "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Tests").
So from the very beginning the hallucinogenic drugs have been viewed from totally opposite points of view: doctors initially equated the drugs' effects with psychosis, and intellectuals equated the drugs' effects with profound religious experiences.
The story of LSD climaxed in the early 1960s with the research of Timothy Leary at Harvard University. Initially, Leary, who was a Harvard psychologist researching the nature of personality, had only an impartial scientific interest in these so-called psychomemetic drugs. He soon found out however that their effects were so great as to cause him to essentially abandon his roots as an elitist East coast intellectual and to become the founding father of the psychedelic movement in the United States. It was Leary's contention that hallucinogenic drugs opened up to human perception things long lost from Western tradition, things that were well understood in older cultures and religions. Timothy Leary recognized, like other intellectuals a decade before him, that these drugs have the potential to cause profound religious and mystical experiences, experiences that could easily be distorted and misconstrued by Western reductionistic intellectuals as being symptoms of insanity. Leary, like any other person made sane by LSD, came to the conclusion that it was the modern West that was insane, not some poor individual in a psychiatric ward who was experiencing visions and hearing voices.
I do not think there is a need here to attempt to recount in full the story of Timothy Leary. However, we will return to the contention that hallucinogenic drugs cause religious and mystical experiences. At this point, it is enough to say that Leary started something much bigger than himself. The psychedelic movement gained much momentum through 1965-1967, culminating with events like Woodstock. However, quick as it came, it was gone. LSD was made illegal, Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin died, Leary got off his soap-box, and the United States, after failing miserably in Vietnam, drifted into a depressing 1970s.
And here we are, some 20 years later. LSD has not gone away, it is simply not talked about anymore. The best of the actual psychedelic movement turned into the Grateful Dead, who have been riding a successful music career ever since. And the basement scientists who in the 1960s made and sold LSD turned into the "designer drug" community on the West Coast, giving us such wonderful poisons as "Ecstasy" (which causes severe nerve damage if taken enough—so beware!).
Well, with this bit of history under our belts, I'd like to discuss a little about the hallucinogenic drugs themselves both in terms of what their subjective effects are and also what is known about how they react in the body. After that, I will then go into more detail about their use as a tool for exploring inner space.
The Effects of Hallucinogenic DrugsSo doctors call it insanity, and intellectuals call it enlightenment, but really, what is it? What are the effects caused when on hallucinogenic drugs?
In terms of effects, one of the most important generalizations about these drugs' effects was laid out by Leary when he spoke of "set and setting". What he meant by this is that what an LSD user actually experienced was critically dependant on the user's state of mind (set) and where he was at and what company he was in (setting). This fact is completely true. It is very difficult to classify the effects of hallucinogenic because they are so dependent upon set and setting. If the user is depressed and in bad company, the experience will be vastly different than if the user is relaxed, happy and in good company.
But, keeping this idea of "set and setting" in the front of our mind, we can still make some generalizations about the subjective effects of the LSD experience. Some of the most commonly reported effects are:
Now this list is by no means complete. It only states some of the more commonly reported effects. It is also important to state that not all of these are experienced by a LSD user. As a matter of fact it is possible that none of these effects will be experienced. It is important to be aware that: THE EFFECTS OF HALLUCINOGENIC DRUGS ARE EXTREMELY UNPREDICTABLE. The rule of "set and setting" is the best guide for anticipating what the effects of a hallucinogenic experience may be. As a matter of fact, I have a close friend who is quite experienced at the use of hallucinogens, and his rule of thumb is the following: "if you have a garden in your mind, then you'll be in it. If you have a garbage can in your mind, then you'll be in it." This is very useful advice.
- Visual hallucinations.
- Audio hallucinations.
- Sensory mixing (hearing sights or seeing sounds).
- Weakening of ego boundaries (a weakening or loss of sense of self).
- Enhanced ability to think abstractly.
- The uncontrollable urge to laugh.
- Enhanced ability to sense the emotions of others.
- Inability to maintain focus or concentration for long periods.
- Feelings of extreme joy
- Feelings of extreme depression and terror.
- A direct apprehension of God.
Explanations of Hallucinogenic EffectsAt this point I would like to begin to discuss what it is that these drugs are doing in the body. There is no question that hallucinogens cause profound effects. The really key question is: where do these effects come from?
To answer this question I would like to lay out two very different theories of what it is the hallucinogens are doing to the human being. We will see that these theories are complimentary in that they both shed light on mode of the action of hallucinogenic drugs. However, these two theories I am about to discuss are products of vastly different world-views that most people consider to be contradictory. In this article, I take the attitude that we can learn from both. The two views of how hallucinogens affect humans that I will now discuss are the scientific view and the occult view. Both science and occultism offer reasonable and useful views about the nature of the hallucinogenic experience. However, what I intend to illustrate here is that the occult view is simply better. Let us begin with the scientific view. There are philosophical problems we must as well address as we proceed.
A drug such as LSD offers a severe challenge to the conventional scientific wisdom. Science tells us that our consciousness is somehow the product of our brain; that our psychology is the software, and the brain is the hardware. At first glance, the LSD experience seems to completely support this view for we have eaten a chemical that severely alters the hardware, and thus, expectedly, alters the software (i.e. our thoughts and perceptions). For the moment, let us just accept this contention and work with it.
Scientific Explanations of Hallucinogenic EffectsModern scientific investigations into the structure of the brain shows that it is made of lots of different layers of tissues such as the cortex, cerebellum and others. These tissues in turn are, in total, made of some one trillion cells. These cells are called neurons. Neurons look a lot like tree branches, branching off in myriad directions touching many, many other neurons. And the neurons align themselves like fibers, making thick tracts of cable throughout the brain. It is well known that neurons conduct electricity along themselves. This electricity is created by salts like sodium and potassium, chloride and calcium. And these salts act in the cells, much like the salts in a battery work to make electricity.
Now it is also well known that neurons do not touch each other directly, but that there is a small space between adjacent neurons. This space is called a synapse. Now the way neurons conduct electricity from one to the next is that, the electrical impulse travels the length of the first or sending neuron until it gets to the synapse. At this point, the electricity at the synapse causes the first neuron to release chemicals, called neurotransmitters, into the synapse. these neurotransmitters float across the synapse where they then encounter the second or receiving neuron. Depending on the nature of the second neuron, once the neurotransmitters contact it, it will either continue the impulse (and this then would be an excititory neuron), or it will not conduct the impulse (this is an inhibitory neuron). It is important to appreciate that there are two types of neurons in the brain, excititory and inhibitory. This is important for understanding how science explains the mode of action of hallucinogenic drugs.
As it turns out, the chemical structure of the hallucinogenic looks very, very similar to the chemical structure of the neurotransmitters in the brain. Scientist therefore conclude (and quite reasonably) that what happens when you take a hallucinogenic drug is that the drug gets into the brain and interferes with the normal operation of the neurotransmitters. The hallucinogenic drug fools the neurons into thinking it is a neurotransmitter and it then disrupts the normal flow of business in the neurons. Now the specific details of how this happens do not exist. Yet, because the hallucinogens expand the activity in ones consciousness, scientists believe that whatever hallucinogens are doing in the brain, ultimately they are disrupting inhibitory synapses. The idea here is that inhibitory synapsis serve a filtering function in the brain and that unwanted or unnecessary stimuli are inhibited. If hallucinogens disrupt this filtering function, then one would expect an increase in the "noise" level of the brain leading to such activities as hallucinations or even delusions. Thus, the effects of hallucinogens are generally seen by scientists to be "noise" (similar to static on a radio, for example).
There is no question a certain degree of merit to this hypothesis. However, one could ask as well: are there perhaps latent functions in the brain that are turned on by hallucinogens? This point of view has not been well addressed by scientific research for the simple fact that, how can you look at something if you don't know it exists? If there are functions turned on by hallucinogenic drugs in the brain that do not normally operate in our usual states of consciousness, then scientists have nothing to compare these states to, and thus are affected by a blind spot. Still, though this question of turning on latent functions is not easily addressed in terms of scientific thinking, we shall see below that occult views provide us a basis to reasonably address this question.
In spite of any hypothesis scientists may provide as to the operation of hallucinogens in the nervous system, we must put this discussion in its proper perspective. Whatever scientists may profess to know about the activity of hallucinogenic drugs is colored strongly by the fact that the current scientific understanding of how the brain and nerve cells work is highly incomplete.
And this point leads us back to philosophy. Because, on one hand, scientists like to believe that the brain creates consciousness, but on the other hand, scientist have only a partial and incomplete understanding of how the brain works. This seems like putting the cart before the horse to me. It is possible that science will come to understand in very full detail how the operation of the brain leads to memory formation and other psychological phenomena. But the point is, they only have a partial understanding at this point. If you took a brain scientist (a neurologist, or neurochemist, or whatever) and sat them down and asked; "How does the brain create consciousness?" They'll either B.S. you with a bunch of details and never directly answer your question, or they will out right honestly admit that this question simply cannot be answered with current knowledge (if you can't dazzle 'em with brilliance, baffle 'em with bullshit!). So, the bottom line is, that science's contention that the brain creates consciousness is more belief and dogma than it is cold, hard, provable fact.
Now it's important to appreciate this situation, because what it does is leave the doorway open for alternative explanations. And in this quest for alternative explanations, we do not have to take an attitude that science is wrong and the alternatives are right, or vice versa. We can take a more balanced and reasonable attitude and realize that different explanations will give us a broader scope on the issue and therefore, in the end, make our understanding fuller than if we defensively or dogmatically cling to only one view of things.
So having said this, let us turn to an alternative explanation of LSD's effects (and any other hallucinogen for that matter), and this is the explanation given by occultists.
Occult Explanations Of Hallucinogenic EffectsNow occultists have a much different world-view than scientists, but as a world-view it is no less complex. For our purposes here what we must realize is that occultism teaches the opposite of science and that is that our consciousness is independent from our body. According to occultists, our body (and therefore our brain as well) is but a temporary vehicle that houses our consciousness in the span of our life in the physical world. Occultism also teaches that there are worlds other than the physical and these worlds are called "planes". Only four of these planes are significant to humans. These are the physical, astral, mental and buddhic planes. According to occultists we also have vehicles or bodies for each of these planes. Thus each of us has an astral body and mental body and a buddhic body.
It is by this theory that occultism explains the plain facts of our lives. Occultism teaches that our emotions are our astral body, that our mind is our mental body, and that our soul or conscience is our buddhic body. Thus, right from the start, occultism does not bother with the idea that our physical body creates our mind, emotions or soul (and this idea of "soul" incidentally, is something science likes to deny). Instead, occultism claims that all of these vehicles overlap and interact and create our life and experience as we know and understand it.
Now it is not my intention here to judge occult theory, or the validity of these ideas. To an explorer of inner space (especially one who frequently experiences out-of-body states) this theory is perfectly obvious. For someone with no comprehension of inner realities or experiences with altered states of consciousness, all I can say is, this article is not for you. Go read Carl Sagan or something.
To return to the point, occult theories detail very carefully the manner in which all the vehicles interact. The interaction of the vehicles is explained by the theory of the chakras. The chakras are seven (or a couple more depending on the scope of the occult theory) vortex like depressions in the astral, mental and buddhic bodies that serve as energy channels between the bodies. The chakras are energy processing centers that hold the bodies together and unify mind, body, emotion and soul into the one framework of our direct experience. Any meditators out there probably have had direct experiences with their chakras. As it turns out, the location of the chakras in our other bodies, line up in a line with the spine of our physical body and they are located wherever there is a nerve plexus in our physical body.
Furthermore, occultism teaches that there is an intimate feedback and interplay between all of the bodies, and this feedback is effected through the chakras. Our physical body also has chakras, but these are invisible to our physical senses of sight, sound, taste, touch and hearing. Our physical chakras are made of a type of radiation that is invisible to our sense (this radiation is called "etheric matter" by occultists), but they exist nonetheless, and serve as the bridge between our nervous system and our astral, mental and buddhic bodies.
Chakra theory is very complex. Each chakra serves a variety of specific functions. These I will only briefly outline here to the extent that it is relevent to our discussion of hallucinogenic drugs. Here is a list of the chakras by their common name (the Hindu names can be found in any worthwhile yoga book). These will be listed from the bottom of the spine up to the top of the spine, along with the corresponding body locations:
- Root chakra - between the legs
- Navel chakra - at the waste
- Spleen chakra - over the navel
- Heart chakra - over the heart
- Throat chakra - over the throat
- Third eye chakra - over the forehead
- Crown chakra - top of head
So as not to keep the reader in suspense, the reason I am going into some detail about chakra theory is that we shall see that it explains much clearer than science does what happens when under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs. Now to go into this we need some understanding of the functions of the chakras. These are listed briefly as:
What the reader will notice about this list is that each chakra has not only physical functions or organs associated with it, but as well subjective and psychological functions associated with it. It is by means of this theory that occultism explains the relationship between mind and body and soul. All of these factors are interconnected through the operation of the chakras. Even though it may seem that we are getting unnecessarily complex here, we are actually building a very powerful theoretical framework of how a human is built and operates. Already at this point we have related biological and psychological functions in one coherent theory. Science, with its reductionistic mentality can offer us no equivalent counterpart. Science, as mentioned above, cannot offer any detailed understanding of how the subjective and objective facets of our life interrelate. Chakra theory, and occultism in general, does indeed offer this understanding. And what I shall now illustrate is that occultism does not contradict or clash with science in any way. Instead, it offers us an expanded viewpoint that integrates the facts known to modern science into a larger view of our total experience as human beings
- Root - sex energy, libido
- Navel - excretion (kidneys, liver), sensation in general
- Spleen - digestion, energy input, ability to dream
- Heart - circulation, empathy
- Throat - communication, speech, hearing, clairaudience
- Third-eye - sight, cognition, clairvoyance
- Crown - brain, thought, spirituality
So with this minimal picture of occult theory in mind, let us return to the issue of hallucinogenic drugs. Using occult theory, what we can say is that hallucinogenic drugs severely affect the behavior of the chakras. All of the subjective effects listed earlier in this article can be accounted for as effects of hyperactivity in definite chakras:
- Thus, visual hallucinations are in actuality the stimulation of the third eye chakra, leading to some degree of clairvoyance, which is the perception of the adjacent planes.
- Audio hallucinations are the stimulating of the throat chakra to hyper activity. In this case, one begins to hear on, for example, the astral plane.
- The mixing of sensory modalities is an effect of the crown chakra, which is the site of integration, not only of sensory perception, but astral perception (emotions), and mental perception (thinking). Thus, at the point of integration (crown chakra) all separate modalities are blended into a unified consciousness. This effect is enhanced under hallucinogenics. And the hallucinogenic effect is even more pronounced because of the fact that we rarely recognize this integration to begin with. It is there all along but we don't see, and when the drug stimulates the crown chakra and we are forced to look at this integration of the modalities of our consciousness, it seems surprising to us.
- The weakening of ego boundaries is again an effect of increasing the activity of the crown chakra. In this case, it is not so much that the ego is loosened but that the ego is seen in its proper perspective in the totality of our organization as a human being. Again, this is an effect of the integration function of the crown chakra. The ego (which effectively is our personal identity) is but one facet of our being. In our day to day life however, we tend to over emphasize our ego at the expense of other facets of our being. Again, the hallucinogenic stimulation of the crown chakra only serves to put things in a realistic perspective.
- Enhanced ability to think abstractly. What is happening here is that the hallucinogen triggers off such an enormous increase in libido energy (which will be discussed below) that our mind is capable of perceiving a much vaster range of the mental plane. This effectively translates into broader, more sweeping and more abstract thoughts.
- The uncontrollable urge to laugh is a classic phenomena indicating enhanced chakra activity. Laughter is a release of tension. Increasing the activity of chakras is also a release of tension. The increased chakra motion effectively burns up the extra energy. An experienced LSD user is unlikely to have this laughter effect, only a novice who is not used to the sensations of enhanced chakras would express these sensations by uncontrollable laughter. This is very similar to how people laugh when they are nervous or cry when they are very happy. However, on the hallucinogen, the effect is greatly increased.
- The enhanced empathic ability is mainly a function of the hyper stimulation of the heart chakra. Our whole ability to be sensitive to the emotions displayed by others resides in the heart chakra. The hallucinogenic stimulates the heart chakra, so it is no surprises that a typical hallucinogenic user is more sensitive to the feelings and attitudes of others.
- Inability to maintain focus or concentration for long periods. Here we run into a situation that is probably more a function of the brain than of the chakra system. It should be pointed out that experienced hallucinogenic users will report that this effect only lasts for a small percentage of the time that the drug effects are occurring. Probably what we are seeing here is the maximum effect of the actual chemical in the physical body in which there is a maximum disruption of the normal function of the neurons in the brain. Again, this effect is short lived (usually about 30-60 minute). And often it seems that this effect is a prelude to the effect of thinking abstractly. It appears that we are dealing with distinct phases of the drug experience here and with effect number 5, again, with number 8 here preceding number 5.
- Feelings of extreme joy. This effect is literally the opposite of effect 10: feelings of extreme terror and/or depression. What he have here is an amplification of ones normal state of mind by the enhanced libido of the drug. Whatever the user is feeling becomes greatly magnified, so reports of extreme emotional states are common. Also, since emotion is generally a function of the concerted (simultaneous) operation of the four lower chakras, we find here evidence that the hallucinogen is affecting not only the higher chakras (throat, third-eye and crown) but the lower ones as well. Again, this will be generalized below.
- Finally, the direct apprehension of God. It is in studying this hallucinogenic effect that we can begin to tie together many elements of this article. We have seen that intellectuals such as Huxley, Watts, and Leary identified the LSD experience with religious experience. It is also a common, though reasonably accurate picture that the guy in the nut house thinks he's Jesus. Furthermore, all yoga texts worth reading explain that the function of yoga is ultimately to transfer all of the libido energy to the crown chakra at which point the yogi achieves nirvana, or mystical insight, which, practically speaking, is *the* total, integrative psychological event. One directly perceives the unity of the cosmos, and ones place in this unity. For all practical purposes, this is indeed seeing God. That Western intellectuals have perceived this in a religious context, and Western physicians have perceived this in the context of psychosis, really tells us something about Western intellectuals and Western doctors. All I can ask is: "Who would you invite over for dinner, or have watch your kids?"
At this point, I would like to attempt to generalize this picture of the action of hallucinogenic drugs on the chakras system. One important facet of occult teaching I have not explicitly stated yet, though I have been using it, is the idea of "kundalini". Yogis and occultists teach that housed in the root chakra is a fundamental energy called kundalini. This energy is depicted as a coiled snake and it is the goal of the yogi and occultist to, slowly and in a controlled manner, release this energy. The purpose for releasing this energy is to bring it progressively through the chakras, which in turn confers the particular psychic abilities associated with that chakra. This process is known as "awakening" or "vivifying" a chakra. This energy is brought up the spine (or the etheric counterpart thereof) and its final destination is the crown chakra, which, upon successfully reaching, confers enlightenment, which is the true goal of both yoga and occultism, as well as mysticism. Bringing the kundalini to the crown chakra is exactly the method by which enlightenment is conferred. This is a well known and well accepted fact in Eastern cultures in which the yoga tradition is kept alive.
Above I used the word "libido", a word derived from Freud that loosely translates as "sex energy". Libido is kundalini. However, the idea of kundalini is much broader and clearer than Freud's concept of libido, so I will now use the word kundalini from here on out.
So with this backgound, let us attempt to give a general explanation, in occult terms, of the effect of hallucinogenic drugs on a human being.
What seems to be happening during the hallucinogenic experience is that the kundalini is spontaneously activated by the drug. How this occurs I do not know. I can speculate that probably what happens is that the hallucinogenic somehow affects the gland system of the body (which is called the endocrine system and includes the adrenal glands, thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary and pineal glands, among others), not simply the brain. I make this statement about the endocrine system because occultist often point out the crucial role played by the pineal and pituitary glands in meditative practices. In a fashion that is very ill defined both scientifically and occultly, these glands play an intimate role in relation to the kundalini. Unfortunately, not much more than this can be said.
Somehow, the drug confers changes in the endocrine system of the body that result in the stimulation of the kundalini. The kundalini becomes active in an uncontrolled fashion, which is literally the opposite of yoga in which kundalini is slowly and painstakingly controlled over years of meditative practices. The onset of alterations in the LSD user's perception corresponds with the onset of the kundalini release. As this energy is released in a spontaneous and uncontrolled fashion, any number of psychological and subjective events are possible that would be completely dependent on the circumstances under which the drug was taken. This then is the explanation of Timothy Leary's notion of "set and setting".
Hallucinogenic Drugs And Inner ExplorationAt this point we have completed our overview of hallucinogenic substances. We've briefly mentioned the history, discussed the subjective effects of these drugs, and gone into some detail of scientific and occult explanations of why these drugs do what they do to human beings. In this last section, I would like to try to tie all of this together in terms of how these drugs provide a tool for the individual interested in exploring his or her own subjectivity, the inner spaces of ones being.
Going off on all the occult chakra theory as I did above has one overridingly important lesson to it, and that is the realization that hallucinogenics do in one hour what yogis spend their lives trying to accomplish. The release of the kundalini energy is no small or trivial matter. My friend that I mentioned earlier likes to compare LSD and related substances to nuclear bombs. Both are immediate, almost uncomprehensively powerful, and can kill a lot more readily than they can heal. LSD is something to be respected, if not revered, because it is indeed a doorway to many divine things. I would not discourage one from taking the drug. However, I do not advocate the careless use of the drug either. If one is interested in using it as a tool for experiencing realities that current dogma tells us do not exist, well, I recommend that the explorer exercise respect for this particular tool. And then, as an explorer, you can see that current dogma is simply wrong.
Another purpose for going off on both scientific and occult theory is to show that there is way more going on here than meets they eye. In this regard, I have a favorite quote by Leadbeater that says it all: "We must beware of falling into the fatally common error of supposing that what we see is all there is to see." LSD, and hallucinogenic drugs in general, can be used as a tool to give concrete substance to Leadbeater's statement. The watchful and attentive hallucinogenic user will learn many things about the hidden worlds that we cannot perceive with our physical senses, ranging from things as unbelievable as seeing the cells inside your brain, to seeing atoms and molecules, to readily perceiving abstractions so glorious as to defy your very being, all the way to—dare I say it—seeing God first hand, and allowing God to talk through your mouth. On this note, I'd like to end this article with a quote by Aleister Crowley, (taken from "The Book Of Wisdom Or Folly") that absolutely captures the spirit of this article:
"Concerning the Use of Chymical Agents, and be mindful that thou abuse them not, learn that the Sacrament itself relateth to Spirit, and the Four Elements balanced thereunder, in its Perfection."
Please direct your questions and/or comments to:
Don DeGracia, CIS address: 71331,3517
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