GET QUICK NETWORK AND HOST INFORMATION FROM A COMMAND CONSOLE
Windows includes tools for managing and monitoring TCP/IP. Whether
you're troubleshooting a computer or simply looking for more information
to configure it, there are five commands that can come in handy for
gathering information about the computer.
For instance, you can use the ipconfig command to get information
about the computer's network interfaces, including IP address, gateway,
DNS servers, MAC address, and addressing type (static or DHCP). You
can also use ipconfig to flush the DNS cache to overcome name resolution
problems, renew address leases, and accomplish a handful of other
The hostname command will save you a trip to the network settings
to determine the computer's host name. Type hostname at the command
prompt to view the host name, as registered by the computer's DNS
properties. The machine name specified in the network properties is
used for the host name if no other is specified. The hostname command
doesn't support any switches or provide any additional information.
Look to the nbtstat command to display statistics and connections
for NetBIOS over TCP. You can also use nbtstat to purge the NetBIOS
name cache and reload it from the lmhosts file.
Finally, use the route command to view (and modify if necessary) the
computer's routing table, and the arp command to view and modify the
computer's ARP table. You can also use arp to determine the MAC address
of a remote computer on the network.